The earth trembles
it cannot bear up
- a servant when he becomes king,
- a fool when he is stuffed with food,
- an unloved woman when she marries,
- and a servant girl when she ousts her queen
The man declares, I am weary, O God; “Unto Ithiel, even unto Ithiel and Ucal”
I am weary, O God, and worn out.
Commentary on “Unto Ithiel, even unto Ithiel and Ucal” suggests, “these most probably were disciples of his. As their names may mean “God with me,” and “I am strong,” a fanciful delineation of their characters, in the style of the “Pilgrim’s Progress,” has been attempted by some writers. And a mystical interpretation of them, “You must have God with you, if you are to be strong,” may be found in Bishop Wordsworth’s Commentary.
It has been proposed also, as is possible with a slight change in the pointing, to translate these words thus: “I am weary, O God, I am weary, and am weak,” or, “have made an end,” and to make them an introduction to Proverbs 30:2, which supplies the reason for this weariness, “For I am more brutish,” etc.
Thus is described, it has been thought, the sinking at heart of one who has sought after God, and the more he has realised the divine excellence, has become the more conscious of his own nothingness.
But this rendering is unnecessary, as the Authorised version gives a good sense.” — According to Ellicott’s Commentary for English Readers
1 The words of Agur the son of Jakeh; the revelation:
the man says to Ithiel, to Ithiel and Ucal:
Words of a Gatherer, son of an obedient one,
the declaration, an affirmation of the man:
—I have wearied myself for God,
I have wearied myself for God,
and am consumed.
2 “Surely I am the most ignorant man,
and don’t have a man’s understanding.
3 I have not learned wisdom,
neither do I have the knowledge of the Holy One.
4 Who has ascended up into heaven, and descended?
Who has gathered the wind in his fists?
Who has bound the waters in his garment?
Who has established all the ends of the earth?
What is his name, and what is his son’s name, if you know?
Yehowah יְהוָה — Most importantly, God gave his Son his name—Yehoshua (and the abbreviated form Yeshua or Y’shua) means literally “Yehowah is salvation.” (Hebrews 1:4, Philippians 2:9, Acts 4:12) The Latin form of the name, Jesus, is from the Greek Iesous, which is an attempt to render into Greek the Aramaic proper name Yeshuafrom a common Jewish personal name, the later form of Yehoshua. This is to say that Yeshua (Jesus) is the same name as Yehoshua (Joshua), just a shortened form, and the Hebrew name Yehoshua, becomes Yeshua in Aramaic, which became the Greek name Iesous, which became the Latin name Jesus. The main point is that this is all in translation of the same name, and that that name was given to him by his Father and is based on his Father’s name, Yehowah.
5 “Every word of God is flawless.
He is a shield to those who take refuge in him.
6 Don’t you add to his words, lest he reprove you, and you be found a liar.
7 “Two things I have asked of you;
don’t deny me before I die:
8 Remove far from me falsehood and lies. Give me neither poverty nor riches. Feed me with the food that is needful for me; 9 lest I be full, deny you, and say, ‘Who is Yehowah יהוה?’ or lest I be poor, and steal, and so dishonor the name of my God.
10 “Don’t slander a servant to his master,
lest he curse you, and you be held guilty:
11 There is a generation that curses their father,
and doesn’t bless their mother.
12 There is a generation that is pure in their own eyes,
yet are not washed from their filthiness.
13 There is a generation, oh how lofty are their eyes!
Their eyelids are lifted up.
14 There is a generation whose teeth are like swords, and their jaws like knives, to devour the poor from the earth, and the needy from among men.
15 “The leach has two daughters: ‘Give, give.’
“There are three things that are never satisfied;
four that don’t say, ‘Enough’:
16 Sheol, *
the barren womb;
the earth that is not satisfied with water;
and the fire that doesn’t say, ‘Enough.’
17 “The eye that mocks at his father, and scorns obedience to his mother:
the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, the young eagles shall eat it.
18 “There are three things which are too amazing for me, four which I don’t understand: 19 The way of an eagle in the air; the way of a serpent on a rock; the way of a ship in the middle of the sea; and the way of a man with a maiden.
20 “So is the way of an adulterous woman: she eats and wipes her mouth, and says, ‘I have done nothing wrong.’
21 “For three things the earth trembles,
and under four, it can’t bear up:
22 For a servant when he is king;
a fool when he is filled with food;
23 for an unloved woman when she is married;
and a servant who is heir to her mistress.
24 “There are four things which are little on the earth, but they are exceedingly wise: 25 the ants are not a strong people, yet they provide their food in the summer. 26 The hyraxes are but a feeble folk, yet make they their houses in the rocks. 27 The locusts have no king, yet they advance in ranks. 28 You can catch a lizard with your hands, yet it is in kings’ palaces.
29 “There are three things which are stately in their march, four which are stately in going: 30 The lion, which is mightiest among animals, and doesn’t turn away for any; 31 the greyhound, the male goat also; and the king against whom there is no rising up.
32 “If you have done foolishly in lifting up yourself, or if you have thought evil, put your hand over your mouth. 33 For as the churning of milk produces butter, and the wringing of the nose produces blood; so the forcing of wrath produces strife.”