בְעוּלָ֖ה

Strong’s Hebrew: 1166. בָּעַל (baal) — to marry, rule over – Bible Hub

“Sing, barren, you who didn’t give birth;
       break out into singing, and cry aloud, 
              you who didn’t travail with child:
                     for more are the children of the desolate 
              than the children of the married wife,” 
       says Yehowah יהוה.”

Isaiah 54:1

When בעל has the sense of husband, it is always inflected to indicate a possessor.

Aramaic בְּעַל
     take possession of wife or concubine
See Jeremiah 3:14; 31:32

Yet you ask, “Why?” It is because YHWH has been a witness between you and the wife of your youth, against whom you have broken faith, though she is your companion and your wife by covenant. — Malachi 2:14

Now there was a man named Elkanah (“God takes possession”)… 

He had two wives, one named Hannah (grace) and the other Peninnah (corner; see requexada ‘corner’, ‘tight spot’).

And Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none… her rival would provoke her and taunt her severely. And this went on year after year. Whenever Hannah went up to the house of YHWH, her rival taunted her until she wept and would not eat. 

Hannah, why are you crying?” her husband Elkanah (“God takes possession”) asked. “Why won’t you eat? Why is your heart so grieved? Am I not better to you than ten sons?”

So after they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh, Hannah got up…

In her bitter distress, Hannah prayed … and wept with many tears… she made a vow, … Hannah was praying in her heart, and though her lips were moving, her voice could not be heard.

So Eli thought she was drunk and said to her,

“How long will you be drunk? Put away your wine!”

“No, my lord,” Hannah replied.

I am a woman oppressed in spirit. I have not had any wine or strong drink, but I have poured out my soul before YHWH. Do not take your servant for a wicked woman; for all this time I have been praying out of the depth of my anguish and grief.

1 Samuel 1:1-17

Unloved & Married, Hated & Ruling

an unloved woman who marries?

a hated one when she rules?

Proverbs 30:23

odious Lit. hated, as in Deuteronomy 21:15Isaiah 60:15.

sane: to hate

Hebrew, e.g. “Jacob I Loved, Esau I Hated”

For an odious woman when she is married; or, under an unloved woman when she is married:

The sentence does not refer to an unbeloved wife, a Leah, becoming the favourite, a Rachel; the expression, “when she is married,” can hardly have this sense; but the gnome speaks of a woman who has passed much of her life without love, having nothing about her attractive either in looks, attainments, or manner, and is consequently soured and ill-tempered.

If such a one does at last win a husband, she uses her new position to vex those who formerly depreciated her, and to make them as miserable as she can 

And a handmaid that is heir to her mistress. The maidservant that obtains her mistress’s property, either by supplanting her or by right of inheritance, is supposed to make a bad use of it, to become conceited, arrogant, and odious to all around her.

The LXX. transposes the last two members of the comparison, placing the unloved woman in the fourth place as the most intolerable {state} of all: “And if a maidservant should cast out (ἐκβάλη, Genesis 21:10) her own mistress, and {earth trembles} a hated woman should obtain a good husband.” e.g. Maria, Roma, Angela

“And if a maidservant should cast out her own mistress, and a hated woman should obtain a good husband.”

Genesis 21:10, ἘΚΒΆΛΗ

The earth trembles, it cannot bear up.


aheb: to love
Original Word: אָהַב
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: aheb
Phonetic Spelling: (aw-hab’)
Definition: to love

beloved like, friend, Or raheb {aw-habe’}; a primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise) — (be-)love(-d, -ly, -r), like, friend.

desolate, forsaken

azubah: forsakenness, desolation
Original Word: עֲזוּבָה
Part of Speech: Noun Feminine
Transliteration: azubah
Phonetic Spelling: (az-oo-baw’)
Definition: forsakenness, desolation

The barren woman gives birth to seven, but she who has many sons pines away.

1 Samuel 2:5

So Paul’s first tool of truth for digging up the roots of deceit in the minds of the Thessalonians is the teaching that before the day of the Lord comes, the man of lawlessness must come first. The Thessalonians should regain their composure: the end is not yet, and when it comes, victory will belong to the Lord. (See Daniel 7:820f.; 8:411f.; 11:31–40 for the OT background for this man of lawlessness.)

He settles the barren woman in her home, as a joyful mother to her children. Hallelujah!

Psalm 113:9

How the
Apostasy
Will Come
to a Climax

Then in verses 9–12 Paul describes how the apostasy will come to a climax. Remember, he had said in verse 3 that the day of the Lord will not come until the apostasy comes first. Apostasy means a falling away from the truth by those who once held it.

Paul is probably reaffirming what Jesus taught about the end time when he said in Matthew 24:10–13,

And then many will fall away [skandalisthesontai], and betray one another, and hate one another. And many false prophets will arise and lead many astray. And because lawlessness is multiplied, the love of many will grow cold. But he who endures to the end will be saved.

Notice the links here: Paul said in verse 7 that the mystery of lawlessness is already at work, and Jesus said that lawlessness (same word) will be multiplied. Paul said in verse 3 that there will be a great apostasy, and Jesus said that the love of many will grow cold, but that those who endure to the end (i.e., who don’t commit apostasy) will be saved. So Paul is right in line with Jesus here.

The apostasy comes to a crushing climax in verses 9–12 with an incredibly heavy force of delusion and deceit. According to verse 10 the signs and wonders of the man of lawlessness deceive those who are perishing. Why? Why are they so vulnerable? Why do many professing Christians leave the truth and follow falsehood?

Knowing the Truth and Loving the Truth

Paul’s answer at the end of verse 10 is that they refuse to love the truth (literally: they did not welcome a love for the truth). Notice: it is not merely an issue of knowing or believing in a merely mental sense: it is an issue of loving.

Look at verse 12: ” . . . so that all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness.” The opposite of believing the truth is delighting in evil.

And this means that saving faith—faith that will endure to the end through the affliction now and through the apostasy to come—is not merely an accepting of truth but a loving of truth. Verse 10:

“They perish because they refused to love the truth.”

We can be sure that when the man of lawlessness comes, his signs and wonders will be used to support claims that appeal to our natural desires. Therefore the only defense against this appeal will be a deeper desire for God. If Christ is our portion and our treasure, if he satisfies our longings, and if we love the glory of his gospel, then the mystery of lawlessness will not overcome us, and our love will not grow cold and we will endure to the end and be saved. May the Lord grant us all to receive the love of the truth. Amen.

ba’alGesenius’s Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament Scriptures

So Paul’s first tool of truth for digging up the roots of deceit in the minds of the Thessalonians is the teaching that before the day of the Lord comes, the man of lawlessness must come first. The Thessalonians should regain their composure: the end is not yet, and when it comes, victory will belong to the Lord. (See Daniel 7:820f.; 8:411f.; 11:31–40 for the OT background for this man of lawlessness.)

How the Apostasy Will Come to a Climax

Then in verses 9–12 Paul describes how the apostasy will come to a climax. Remember, he had said in verse 3 that the day of the Lord will not come until the apostasy comes first. Apostasy means a falling away from the truth by those who once held it.

Paul is probably reaffirming what Jesus taught about the end time when he said in Matthew 24:10–13,

And then many will fall away [skandalisthesontai], and betray one another, and hate one another. And many false prophets will arise and lead many astray. And because lawlessness is multiplied, the love of many will grow cold. But he who endures to the end will be saved.

Notice the links here: Paul said in verse 7 that the mystery of lawlessness is already at work, and Jesus said that lawlessness (same word) will be multiplied. Paul said in verse 3 that there will be a great apostasy, and Jesus said that the love of many will grow cold, but that those who endure to the end (i.e., who don’t commit apostasy) will be saved. So Paul is right in line with Jesus here.

The apostasy comes to a crushing climax in verses 9–12 with an incredibly heavy force of delusion and deceit. According to verse 10 the signs and wonders of the man of lawlessness deceive those who are perishing. Why? Why are they so vulnerable? Why do many professing Christians leave the truth and follow falsehood?

Knowing the Truth and Loving the Truth

Paul’s answer at the end of verse 10 is that they refuse to love the truth (literally: they did not welcome a love for the truth). Notice: it is not merely an issue of knowing or believing in a merely mental sense: it is an issue of loving.

Look at verse 12:

” . . . so that all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness.”

2 Thessalonians 2:12

The opposite of believing the truth is delighting in evil.

And this means that saving faith—faith that will endure to the end through the affliction now and through the apostasy to come—is not merely an accepting of truth but a loving of truth. Verse 10: “They perish because they refused to love the truth.”

We can be sure that when the man of lawlessness comes, his signs and wonders will be used to support claims that appeal to our natural desires. Therefore the only defense against this appeal will be a deeper desire for God. If Christ is our portion and our treasure, if he satisfies our longings, and if we love the glory of his gospel, then the mystery of lawlessness will not overcome us, and our love will not grow cold and we will endure to the end and be saved. May the Lord grant us all to receive the love of the truth. Amen.

Prophetically, Sukkot points us to the time when God will dwell with us in the holy city, Yerushalayim (Jerusalem):

“This is what the Lord says: ‘I will return to Tsiyon and dwell in Yerushalayim. Then Yerushalayim will be called the City of Truth, and the mountain of the Lord Almighty will be called the Holy Mountain.’”

Zechariah 8:3

Imagine what it will be like when the Lord returns to this earth and sets up His throne and all peoples stream to Him!

“The Lord will be king over the whole earth.

On that day there will be one Lord, and his name the only name.”

Zechariah 14:9
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