@Remiel‘s Cosmopolitan magazine cover parody (via @IsaacH) reminded me of two feminist media critiques I had written up on Glamour and Ms. Magazine, and the influence of advertising on magazine journalism. Continue reading
Chief Justice Roberts is a Republican with a conservative constitutionalist approach and has a strong respect for precedent or stare decisis. Roberts became Chief Justice appointed by George W. Bush after the sudden death of Rehnquist in 2005.
Since Roberts replaced conservative Rehnquist the ideological balance of the court did not change. However, shortly after the addition of Alito to replace Sandra Day O’Conner made the court more conservative as noted by a series of 5-4 decisions. Kennedy was the pivot point however, swinging between conservative and liberal in these decisions.
Many people are concerned for the overturn of Roe v. Wade as it is tenuously hinged on the inherent right to privacy. Roberts adds to this apprehension by not explicitly stating whether or not he would overturn the case, but saying instead “Roe v. Wade is the settled law of the land…. There is nothing in my personal views that would prevent me from fully and faithfully applying that precedent, as well as Casey.”
In private practice, he worked for Hogan & Hartson, a firm that advised the Bush campaign during the Florida election recount. He is most known for is the United States vs. Microsoft anti-trust case, representing 19 states.
Roberts grew up in a practicing Catholic family and is a Republican. He went to Harvard for his undergraduate studies and to Harvard Law for his legal degree. His wife is also a lawyer and they have two (adopted) children.
Title and Citation: Case titles generally take on the names of the parties involved in the case. For example, in the case Smith v. Jones, Smith is the party asking the Court to reverse a lower court’s holding; Jones wants the Court to affirm that holding.
A citation acts as the case’s “address.” Prior to 1874, Supreme Court decisions were issued under the names of the individual court reporters. Since that year, however, a standard format has been followed and all cases are contained in the United States Reports (abbreviated U.S. in case citations). Therefore, in the 1976 case, Buckley v. Valeo, the citation is 424 U.S. 1. This means that this case is found on page 1 of the 424th volume of the United States Reports.
Facts of the Case: In this section, briefly note the relevant facts of the case that a) describe the dispute at hand and b) have brought the case to this point. Basically you should answer the questions of who did what to whom and why. The facts of the case are often presented at the outset of an opinion of the Court, although sometimes they may described throughout the opinion. Here, it is also important to note the holdings of the lower court(s) (i.e., the legal history of the case) so that you understand the decision of the Supreme Court when it “reverses” or “affirms.”
The Vote: What is the vote in this case? How many justices are in the majority? Who is the author of the majority opinion? What justices join that opinion? Who offers concurring or dissenting opinions?
The Law and/or Constitutional Provisions at Issue: Since Supreme Court decisions involve the interpretation of the Constitution, laws, and/or court precedents, in this section it is important to note just what the Court is being called upon to interpret.
The Legal Questions: In this section of the brief, identify the specific question or questions before the Court. What are the issues that the Court is being asked to address? Often, these can be posed by framing the questions in a yes-no format.
The Opinion of the Court: In this section, present the decision of the Court and its justifications for that ruling. It is important to note the reasoning that the Court uses to arrive at its decision. Therefore, how and why does the Court answer each of the questions identified previously?
Concurring/Dissenting Opinions: When a member of the Court agrees with the outcome of a case, but either disagrees with the Court’s reasoning or wishes to present a different point of view, he or she will offer a concurring opinion. In this section, identify and evaluate that alternative position.
A dissenting opinion is authored by a justice (or justices) when he/she (or they) believe that the decision of the Court is wrong. The basis of the dissent may derive from a different reasoning in the case, or from a different understanding of the facts of the case or the relevant precedents. In this section, identify and evaluate the dissenting opinion.
Evaluation of the Case: What is important about this decision? Is the argument sound? How does it fit with previous decisions of the Court? What are the possible implications for this decision? If the case is narrowly decided, what are the differences noted by the dissenters and what bearing might they have on future cases?
The Internet is a pervasive medium that enhances personal communication, access to information, and freedom of speech, while making obsolete borders, reversing isolation even as it reduces tactile and direct experiences with real people, which retrieves a sense of tribalism a global village.
By means of the Internet, the ways in which we can communicate have been forever enhanced. The Internet is here to stay and it will ever continue to grow in popularity. Continue reading
Ms. Magazine covers national and global news relating to women’s issues. It features investigative reporting, political analysis, and content about feminist leaders, as well as issues related to women’s relationships, religion, civil rights, money, health, and the environment. Continue reading
Someone, who I am certain was probably pretty important, once said “Knowledge is power.” Before the fifteenth century however the distribution of knowledge was inhibited by the process of oral and scribal transmission. Enter the printing press which allowed reproduction of information for easier access and a broader reach. Hence we see the ‘democratization of knowledge’ which brought on a revolution in power; knowledge is power. Continue reading
Culture is a pattern of rules, premises, meanings and symbols constructed socially and passed through history. For example surfers define a culture by means of their unique pattern of rules, meanings and symbols that have been socially constructed and passed on. “Dude, hang ten!” Continue reading
Code: a system of values and rules which names what is significant in the world and expresses the nature of those things it names.
Culture: a socially constructed and historically transmitted pattern of symbols, meanings, premises, and rules.
Cultural code: a code that is socially constructed, historically transmitted, distinct among codes, and socially consequential; a system of values and rules people use to make sense of and judge the actions of themselves and others. Continue reading
Social dramas are a handy means of revealing cultural codes of communication because they usually distill arguments down to cultural perspectives through emotional arguments. What I mean is, people are stripped of their generic beings and the cultural values and beliefs at their core shine through while their emotions play into the drama. For instance in Daley’s speech he immediately turns to the revered symbol of a mother, and artfully twists the professor’s challenge into an accusation of Mrs. Keane and of how well she raised her son. This happened because gender and place are key themes of the Teamsterville spoken life, and this argument was suddenly about an offense both to her in her female role, and his station as a mother raising a son fit for office.
Ms. Magazine was the first U.S. magazine to feature prominent American women demanding the repeal of laws that criminalized abortion, the first to explain and advocate for the ERA, to rate presidential candidates on women’s issues, to put domestic violence and sexual harassment on the cover of a women’s magazine, to feature feminist protest of pornography, to commission and feature a national study on date rape, and to blow the whistle on the undue influence of advertising on magazine journalism. Continue reading
‘Sex and the City‘ has been known for pushing the edge of ‘real’ on television. You might imagine with this greater breath of freedom that they would use that position to promote positive images of women, people of color, gay and lesbians and those of different classes. However, that is just not the case. Women are portrayed as being absolutely consumed with the pursuit of men, love, clothes and shoes. Little do we know of their jobs, and even less time is spent discussing them. The main cast is white American’s, with few ethnic characters appearing in a single episode. Carrie and Charlotte have ‘best’ gay friends who serve as fashion accessories. Stanford is the prominent gay character, and together with Anthony, these men serve up flamboyant gay as if it’s going out of style. Finally, issues of class aren’t approached at allâ€¦ everyone is well-to-do with an amazing apartment with only one financial concern – how many of the new season’s shoes you will be able to purchase.
Privilege is an advantage, right or perk that is not available to everyone, but only an elite group. For example, my boyfriend and I work for the same company, his group reimburses a portion of his cell phone expenses, while mine does not. He was complaining when they took that benefit away. I explained to him how he cannot complain because it was a privilege, not a right. He should be happy for the benefit while he had it, because others just as deserving did not get the same perk. Continue reading
The absence of print technology made oral communication of vital importance during the classical period in ancient Athens. Without the luxury of the printed word, the Athenians had to rely on the spoken word for the propagation of political theory and ideas, for personal expression which at times was used as a means of entertainment and finally to argue for justice in the newly formed democracy. Continue reading
A Guide for ESL Tutors
As a tutor, you will be working with students from other cultures. You will gain an appreciation for different cultures by providing the student with an atmosphere of trust and acceptance. Encourage the student to talk about his/her family and country. If you are asked about American customs, be sensitive to the tutee’s viewpoints. What is socially acceptable in the U.S. might be unthinkable in the student’s culture. Most foreign students are eager to talk about their country and traditions. This interaction might be a valuable learning experience for you. Continue reading
I’ve learned a lot over the past several weeks about my communication skills; areas where I am adept and areas where I could use focused attention for improvement. First, I will explore the skills I have demonstrated some measure of ability over are my use of non-verbal communications, confirming communications, and resolving conflicts with the win-win approach. Next, I will delve into the areas that I will, using the resources provided by this class, exerting effort in my endeavor to improve. Those areas are reducing my defensive reaction when it comes to criticism, having a better understanding and grip on my emotions, adjusting my self-concept, identity management, using the clear message format in tense situations, and finally empathic listening without diverting attention to myself. Continue reading
I have had the honor of attending my first Microsoft conference, TechEd, and watch the inventor of ASP.NET and the head of the team I work for, Scott Guthrie, speak. He is consistently rated one of the top speakers at the convention and is an influential leader in the world of web technologies.
Foremost of importance in what a key leader such as Scott should follow is an awareness of perception. In marketing they say “perception is reality” conveying the concept that it doesn’t matter what is real, just what other people think is real. It is of vital importance for Scott’s position that he come off as a “no shit” guy who knows what he’s talking about. Continue reading
You will need to find a partner to complete this exercise. Although it is possible to do this experience online, I think you might enjoy it more with face-to-face communication. Your partner could be your spouse (significant other), a friend, or family member. Each person will ask the other questions from the list. Participants in this exercise are encouraged to go in to detail with their answers and avoid 1-2 word responses. Either party may choose to pass on a question, but that person must not ask that same question of the other party. You do not need to record your responses. Continue reading
It’s been called a phenomenon. It’s been praised as a piece of highly desirable innovative design. It’s been regarded as inferior and hard to use. It became an instant pop icon and has changed the streets of every metro city in the country. Beyond its significant price tag, substantial amounts of money is spent accessorizing this accessory. It’s sleek and smaller than a breadbox, it’s about the size of your hand. Its translucent white case with stainless steel back lays the foundation for its undeniably powerful brand.